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 Classroom Dice (Posted on 2008-09-24)
The class had 30 students, but a few were absent that day. The teacher gave each student present a cardboard cube and either a red or a blue marking pen, and she told each student to mark the faces of his or her cube like the faces of a die: with numbers 1 through 6 on the faces in such a manner that opposite faces add to 7. This was the only required similarity to a standard die.

The teacher gathered all the cubes and placed all the red-marked ones in one row, and all the blue-marked ones in another row. Both rows stretched from left to right and each cube had its 5 face on top and its 3 face toward the teacher.

In the red row, the sum of the digits on the left sides of the cubes was a perfect square, as was the sum of the digits on the right sides.

In the blue row, the corresponding sums were not squares, but rather prime numbers. The ratio of the larger to the smaller prime was less than 2.

How many students were absent? How many red markers and how many blue markers were handed out? What were the sums involved (the perfect squares and the primes)?

 See The Solution Submitted by Charlie Rating: 4.0000 (1 votes)

 Subject Author Date My first ever trial/error solution rod hines 2008-09-26 18:58:56 Puzzle correction Charlie 2008-09-24 16:32:08 re: Solution ed bottemiller 2008-09-24 12:36:22 Solution(continued) ed bottemiller 2008-09-24 12:18:30 Solution Dej Mar 2008-09-24 12:02:21 Solution (prior) ed bottemiller 2008-09-24 11:55:05

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