Three darts players playing 501 up have had three turns (A, B and C), each with three darts each turn.
From the information given below, which player can finish with a bull (50) on their 10th dart?
Player 1
Turn A: Scored an odd score more than 70 points.
Turn B: Scored 180.
Turn C: Scored an even number that is more than
player 3's score in turn B + 1 more point.
Player 2
Turn A: Scored one score less than the points
scored in player 1's turn B.
Turn B: Scored twothirds of the points scored
in player 1's Turn B.
Turn C: Scored an even number of points that
is more than 160 points.
Player 3
Turn A: Scored 17 more points than he did in Turn C.
Turn B: Scored the lowest even score of all nine
turns taken by all 3 players.
Turn C: Scored an odd score that is more than 100
point.
From the fact that Player 1 score 180 points in turn B, we can determine player 2's eligibility to win with a 10th dart bull's eye. Player 2 scored one score less than 180 on turn A, which is 177 points. They also scored twothirds of player 1's turn B on their own turn B; 2/3 * 180 = 120 points on turn B.
120 + 177 = 297 points
In order to be eligible to win with a bull's eye on the 10th dart, 451 points must be accounted for in the first 9 darts (3 turns). 451  297 = 154 points left in turn C. As the information given states that player 2 gets an even score over 160 on turn C, a bull's eye would put them over the 501 mark on their 10th dart.
Player 2 can't win with bull's eye.
Moving on to player 3, we have less information to go off of. We know turn B is the lowest even number of all turns, so it must be less than 120 points (assuming it was not a tie for the lowest even). From the information for turns A and C, the highest pair that we can have is (174, 157) as 163 is not possible for a round score. The sum of those two values is 331. In order to be eligible, as above, we need the first 3 rounds to sum to 451. 451  331 = 120, and as we scored the lowest even score of all 9 turns in turn B, and that must be less than 120, we can't get to 451 before the end of the 3rd turn. Player 3 can't win with bull's eye.
Now, let's check to make sure player 1 can win, in case my understanding of no ties for lowest even is incorrect. Player 1 scored 180 points on turn B, leaving 271 points to be distributed between the other two turns. Turn C is simply an even number greater than whatever player 3 scored in their turn B. As round scores are not required to be distinct, player 1 could score 91 points on turn A, and 180 points, again, on turn C, to be able to win on the 10th dart via bull's eye. As player 3's turn B score is unknown, there is no limit to how low player 1 can score on turn C. There are, in fact, 36 total combinations possible that would result in them being the winner with a bull's eye on the 10th dart.
Player 1 can win with a bull's eye on their 10th dart

Posted by Justin
on 20130629 10:22:15 