Given n points drawn randomly on the circumference of a circle, what is the probability they will all be within any common semicircle?
(In reply to
Solution by Bryan)
It occurred to me after I posted that, since Theta is less than or equal to pi, the integral should be from 0 to pi as well, not from 0 to 2pi. Considering n=3, if the first two points are nearly 180 degrees apart, the third point needs to fall between them, the odds of which are 1/2, but if the first two points are nearly on top of each other, the third point can be almost anywhere, the odds of which approach 1/1. The average of these is 3/4 and, not coincidentally,
P = 1/pi * integral[1  Theta/2pi] from 0 to pi
P = (pi  .75pi)/pi
P = .75
and the overall probability is
P = .75^(n2)

Posted by Bryan
on 20030519 12:52:22 