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5-digit number (Posted on 2018-01-02) Difficulty: 3 of 5
When you add the digit 1 at the end of this number you get a number thrice the number with 1 added before it.

Evaluate this number.

No Solution Yet Submitted by Ady TZIDON    
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Solution Solution | Comment 1 of 2
To restate the problem, N1 = 3 * 1N (where 1 and N are concatenated).
Or, 10x + 1 = 3*(10^n + x) = 3*10^n + 3x
7x = 3*10^n - 1
so 7x is of the form 2, 29, 299, 2999, etc.  This series, mod 7 goes through a cycle of 6, every 6th one being 0 mod 7.
The first of these is 299999 which divided by 7 is:
42857.

And 428571 / 142857 = 3

So, solutions include:
42857, 42857142857, 42857142857142857, ...

In the limit, our original concatenations, N1 / 1N (if you put a decimal point in front of them) become 3/7 divided by 1/7

  Posted by Larry on 2018-01-02 08:31:51
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