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Where Did You Start? (Posted on 2017-11-16) Difficulty: 3 of 5
2015 pieces of stones are placed to form a circle. They are numbered with 1,2,3,4,...,2015 clockwise. Starting from somewhere, you remove a stone. Then going clockwise, you remove every other stone, one at a time. Finally, there is only stone left, and that stone is 2014. What was the first stone you removed?

No Solution Yet Submitted by chun    
Rating: 4.0000 (1 votes)

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Solution My approach Comment 3 of 3 |
By starting with 1 and with different numbers of stones a pattern emerges:

If the number of stones is 2^n then the last stone will be 2^n.
For every stone short of a power of 2, the last stone drops by 2.

(For 2^n - a, if a<2^(n-1), the last stone is 2^n - 2a)
2015 is 33 short of 2048=2^11.
2048 - 2*33 = 1982.

For 2015 stones, if you start with 1, you end with 1982.
Now just shift this by 2014-1982=32 places and start instead with
1+32=33

  Posted by Jer on 2017-11-17 07:34:50
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