Find the ellipse of maximum area that can be completely covered by two unit circles.
The ellipse (x/a)^2 + (y/b)^2 = 1 intersects the axes at:
(±a,0) and (0,±b).
Its area is π*ab.
If the circles are:
(xt)^2 + y^2 = 1 and
(x+t)^2 + y^2 = 1
The outer halves of each circle intersect the axes at:
(±(t+1),0) and (0,±√(1t^2))
So let a = t+1
b = √(1t^2)
area A = pi*(t+1)*√(1t^2) (to be maximized)
A' = π(√(1t^2) + (t+1)*(1t^2)^(1/2)*(1/2)(2t)
Set to zero, divide by π, multiply by √(1t^2)
(1t^2) = (t+1)t
2t^2 + t  1 = 0
(2t1)(t+1) = 0
t = {1/2, 1}
t = 1/2; a=3/2; b = √3/2
Area = π*3√3/4 = approx 4.08104856953
diagram on Desmos:
https://www.desmos.com/calculator/6sy5fchucj

Posted by Larry
on 20240221 07:26:28 