Define the sequence D, where D(n) is the smallest positive value that can be increased by 9n through a permutation of its digits. No leading zeroes are allowed so the first term is D(1)=12 not 10
1) Find the next 14 terms of D.
2) Note D(8) is the greatest n with two digits. What is the greatest n with 3, 4, 5, ... digits?
3) There are some numbers a, b such that a≠b but D(a)=D(b). Prove there are infinitely many such pairs.
4) Sometimes D(n)>9n and sometimes D(n)<9n. Prove that both cases happen an infinity of times.
5) Are there any values of n such that D(n)=9n?