^{2}+c

Let P=(x,y) be a point on the graph of y=x

^{2}+c

Let d(x) = the distance from P to the origin.

[1] Find the value(s) of x, in terms of c, that minimizes d(x).

[2] Prove d(x) ≥ f(x) for all x and c.

[3] Find, in terms of c, the limit as x goes to infinity of d(x)-f(x)

[4] Find, in terms of c, and if it exists, the integral from negative infinity to positive infinity of (d(x)-f(x)-the above limit) dx